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Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's visit to Denmark in 1957 laid the foundation for a friendly relationship between India and Denmark that has endured ever since. The bilateral relations between India and Denmark are cordial and friendly, based on synergies in political, economic, academic and research fields. There have been periodic high level visits between the two countries.
Visit of Prime Minister of Denmark (4-8 February 2008): Mr. Anders Fogh Rasmussen, former Prime Minister of Denmark, accompanied by a large business delegation, paid a State visit to India from February 4-8, 2008. He visited Infosys, Biocon and IIM in Bangalore and Agra. During his visit, Mr. Rasmussen called on the President, met PM, Chairperson UPA and EAM. He launched an 'India Action Plan', which called for strengthening of the political dialogue, strengthening of cooperation in trade and investments, research in science and technology, energy, climate and environment, culture, education, student exchanges and attracting skilled manpower and IT experts to Denmark for short periods.
Visit of Prime Minister of Denmark (11 September 2009): Danish Prime Minister Lars Lokke Rasmussen paid a one day Working Visit to India on 11 September 2009 as Host of the COP15. He met Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh and discussed climate change, regional and bilateral issues.
Inaugural Meeting of India-Denmark Joint Commission: Danish Foreign Minister Ms. Lene Espersen visited India on 14-15 December 2010 to Co-Chair with Minister of External Affairs Mr. S.M. Krishna the Inaugural Meeting of the India-Denmark Joint commission which was set up under the Agreement signed between the two countries in February 2008. The two sides discussed key areas of bilateral cooperation as well as regional and global issues of importance to both counties. The two Ministers signed the Agreed Minutes of the Joint Commission meeting encompassing bilateral cooperation in wide range of areas including political, economic and commercial, science and technology, biotechnology, information and communication technology, renewable energy, environment, shipping, agriculture and fisheries, education and culture, UNSC reforms, terrorism, reforms of the international financial institutions, disarmament, piracy, etc. It was agreed to set up three new Joint Working Groups on (i) Shipping; (ii) Food, Agriculture and Fisheries; and (iii) Environment. The two sides also agreed to convert the three joint committees established earlier into Joint working Groups, viz. (i) Biotechnology; (ii) New and Renewable Energy; and (iii) Labour Mobility. During the visit Ms. Espersen also met Minister of Commerce and Industry Mr. Anand Sharma and National Security Adviser Mr. Shiv Shankar Menon.
Danish Foreign Minister led a 17-member business delegation. She inaugurated a business seminar "Indo-Danish Business Days" on energy and cleantech organised by the Confederation of Danish Industry in collaboration with the Confederation of Indian Industry and Embassy of Denmark. She also visited a number of business establishments in sectors like IT, pharmaceutical, energy and environment. During the visit, an Indian pharma company Vimta Labs announced its plans to establish its European headquarters in Copenhagen (Medicon Valley). Danish defence goods producer Terma and Bharat Electronics Ltd signed a contract for supply of radar systems, including transfer of technololgy. A Danish architecture company 3XN also signed a contract with Rohan Developers to design and develop a new estate area in Mumbai.
Important Bilateral Treaties and Agreements:
Bilateral Visits: India to Denmark (2008 onwards):
Denmark to India (2008 onwards):
Commercial and Economic Relations: Though small in size, Denmark is a rich country with an open economy which relies heavily on foreign trade and investment to generate high level of income. It has a GDP of about US$ 335 billion (2013 estimate).
India's commodity exports to Denmarkdecreased by 26% from US$ 904 million in 2014 to US$ 667 million in 2015. Major Indian exports to Denmarkincluded articles of apparel and clothing accessories, Petroleum, Petroleum Products and Related Materials, Textile yarns and made up fabrics, travel goods and handbags, Organic Chemicals, General Industrial Machinery and Equipment, iron and steel, Manufactures of Metals, Road Vehicles and footwear, etc.India's service exports to Denmarkwere valued at US$725 million in 2015, which was 9%lower than 2014 figure of US$ 793 million.
India's commodity imports from Denmarkdecreased by 12% from US$ 437 million in 2014 to US$ 384 million during 2015 Major Danish exports to Indiaincluded are medicinal and pharmaceutical products, general industrial machinery and equipment, chemical materials, metalliferous ores and metal scraps, electrical machinery, Machinery specialised for particular industries, organic chemicals and power generating machinery.India's service imports from Denmarkwere valued at US$1,062 million in 2015, representing decrease of 17% over 2014 figure of US$1,281 million.
Investments According to Statistics Denmark the Danish FDI in India were US$ 758 Million in 2015, US$ 854 in 2014, US$731 million in 2013, US$931 million in 2012 and US$877 million in 2011 respectively. Major Danish investments in India have been made in sectors such as manufacturing, trade and transport, financial and business services. The Indian investment in Denmark were US$ 30 Million in 2015 ,US$71 million in 2014 , US$89 million in 2013, US$103 million in 2012 and US$112 million in 2011 respectively.
Important streets and public places named after Indian leaders: Gandhi Plaene (Gandhi Park), located at the junction of Borups Alle and Hvidkildevej in Copenhagen. Has a bronze statue of Mahatma Gandhi in sitting posture. City of Aarhus has a Nehru Road near Aarhus University.
Visa requirements for officials: Holders of diplomatic and official passports do not require visa to enter Denmark. Others require a visa. Visa may be required to transit through other EU countries while travelling to Denmark. The details and types of visas issued to tourists, businessmen and students are available on the Danish Embassy's website.
Air links with India: There is no direct flight from Copenhagen to India. Finnair operates direct flight to India via Helsinki. Convenient links to get an Air India flight to India are from London, Paris and Frankfurt. Other connections are via Vienna, Moscow and Istanbul.
Estimated NRI/PIO: The size of the Indian community in Denmark, inclusive of both NRIs and PIOs, is 11,627 (as on 13.02.2017).
Danish Embassy in India: www.ambnewdelhi.um.dk
Embassy of India in Denmark: www.indian-embassy.dk