India - Denmark Relations
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Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's visit to Denmark in 1957 laid the foundation for a friendly relationship between India and Denmark that has endured ever since. The bilateral relations between India and Denmark are cordial and friendly, based on synergies in political, economic, academic and research fields. There have been periodic high level visits between the two countries.

Visit of Prime Minister of Denmark (4-8 February 2008): Mr. Anders Fogh Rasmussen, former Prime Minister of Denmark, accompanied by a large business delegation, paid a State visit to India from February 4-8, 2008. He visited Infosys, Biocon and IIM in Bangalore and Agra. During his visit, Mr. Rasmussen called on the President, met PM, Chairperson UPA and EAM. He launched an 'India Action Plan', which called for strengthening of the political dialogue, strengthening of cooperation in trade and investments, research in science and technology, energy, climate and environment, culture, education, student exchanges and attracting skilled manpower and IT experts to Denmark for short periods.

Visit of Prime Minister of Denmark (11 September 2009): Danish Prime Minister Lars Lokke Rasmussen paid a one day Working Visit to India on 11 September 2009 as Host of the COP15. He met Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh and discussed climate change, regional and bilateral issues.

Inaugural Meeting of India-Denmark Joint Commission: Danish Foreign Minister Ms. Lene Espersen visited India on 14-15 December 2010 to Co-Chair with Minister of External Affairs Mr. S.M. Krishna the Inaugural Meeting of the India-Denmark Joint commission which was set up under the Agreement signed between the two countries in February 2008. The two sides discussed key areas of bilateral cooperation as well as regional and global issues of importance to both counties. The two Ministers signed the Agreed Minutes of the Joint Commission meeting encompassing bilateral cooperation in wide range of areas including political, economic and commercial, science and technology, biotechnology, information and communication technology, renewable energy, environment, shipping, agriculture and fisheries, education and culture, UNSC reforms, terrorism, reforms of the international financial institutions, disarmament, piracy, etc. It was agreed to set up three new Joint Working Groups on (i) Shipping; (ii) Food, Agriculture and Fisheries; and (iii) Environment. The two sides also agreed to convert the three joint committees established earlier into Joint working Groups, viz. (i) Biotechnology; (ii) New and Renewable Energy; and (iii) Labour Mobility. During the visit Ms. Espersen also met Minister of Commerce and Industry Mr. Anand Sharma and National Security Adviser Mr. Shiv Shankar Menon.

Danish Foreign Minister led a 17-member business delegation. She inaugurated a business seminar "Indo-Danish Business Days" on energy and cleantech organised by the Confederation of Danish Industry in collaboration with the Confederation of Indian Industry and Embassy of Denmark. She also visited a number of business establishments in sectors like IT, pharmaceutical, energy and environment. During the visit, an Indian pharma company Vimta Labs announced its plans to establish its European headquarters in Copenhagen (Medicon Valley). Danish defence goods producer Terma and Bharat Electronics Ltd signed a contract for supply of radar systems, including transfer of technololgy. A Danish architecture company 3XN also signed a contract with Rohan Developers to design and develop a new estate area in Mumbai.

Important Bilateral Treaties and Agreements:

  • Technical Cooperation Agreement – 1970
  • Bilateral Agreement on an Integrated Fisheries Project at Tadri, Karnataka - 1981
  • Bilateral Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (BIPA) 1995
  • Protocol on Avoidance of Double Taxation (DTAA) - 1995
  • MOU for cooperation between CII and Confederation of Danish Industries – 1995
  • Protocol on Foreign Office Consultation - 1995
  • Joint Business Council Agreement between FICCI and the Danish Industry (DI) - 2002
  • MOU on Biotechnology for Bilateral Cooperation – 2004
  • Agreement for establishment of a Bilateral Joint Commission for Cooperation – Feb 2008
  • MOU for Cooperation in New and Renewable Energy – Feb 2008
  • Arrangement on Gainful Employment for Family Members of the Diplomatic Mission or Consular Posts – Feb 2008
  • MOU on Clean Development Mechanism – Oct 2008
  • MOU on Cooperation in the area of Environment – September 2009
  • MOU on Labour Mobility Partnership – September 2009
  • Social Security Agreement – February 2010

Bilateral Visits: India to Denmark (2008 onwards):

1. Minister of State for New & Renewable Energy, Mr. Vilas Muttemwar
7-9 April 2008
2. Minister of Overseas Indian Affairs Mr. Vayalar Ravi
28-29 Sept 2009
3. Minister of State for Envirionment & Forests, Mr. Jairam Ramesh
9-11 Oct 2009
4. Minister of State for Envirionment & Forests, Mr. Jairam Ramesh
15-17 Nov 2009
5. Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh (for COP15)
17-18 Dec 2009
6. Minister of Water Resources, Mr. Salman Khurshid
8-9 Jun 2011
7. Parliamentary delegation led by Speaker of Lok Sabha, Mrs. Meira Kumar
16-19 Jun 2011

Denmark to India (2008 onwards):

1. Prime Minister Mr. Anders Fogh Rasmussen 4-8 Feb2008
2. Minister of Climate & Energy Ms. Connie Hedegaard 4-6 Feb 2009
3. Minister of Environment Mr. Troels Lund Poulsen 18-21 Feb 2009
4. Prime Minister Mr. Lars Lokke Rasmussen 11 Sept 2009
5. Minister of Climate & Energy Ms. Connie Hedegaard 22-23 Oct 2009
6. Minister of Climate & Energy Ms. Lykke Friis 5-7 Feb 2010
7. Minister of Employment Ms. Inger Stojberg 15-17 Feb 2010
8. Minister of Transport Mr. Hans Christian Schmidt 18-22 Jun 2010
9. Minister of Foreign Affairs Ms. Lene Espersen 14-15 Dec 2010
10. Minister of Economy and Business Affairs Mr. Biran Mikkelsen 3-7 Jan 2011

Commercial and Economic Relations: Though small in size, Denmark is a rich country with an open economy which relies heavily on foreign trade and investment to generate high level of income. It has a GDP of about US$ 335 billion (2013 estimate).

India's commodity exports to Denmarkincreased by 5% from US$ 667 million in 2015 to US$ 701 million in 2016. Major Indian exports to Denmark included articles of apparel and clothing accessories, Petroleum, Petroleum Products and Related Materials, Textile yarns and made up fabrics, travel goods and handbags, Organic Chemicals, General Industrial Machinery and Equipment, iron and steel, Manufactures of Metals, Road Vehicles and footwear, etc. India’s service exports to Denmark valued at US$ 774 million in 2016, which was 7% higher than 2015 figure of US$ 725 million

India's commodity imports from Denmark increased by 11% from US$ 384 million in 2015 to US$ 428 million in 2016. Major Danish exports to India included are medicinal and pharmaceutical products, general industrial machinery and equipment, chemical materials, metalliferous ores and metal scraps, electrical machinery, Machinery specialized for particular industries, organic chemicals and power generating machinery. India’s service imports from Denmark were valued at US$924 million in 2016, representing decrease of 13% over 2015 figure of US$1,026 million.

Investments According to Statistics Denmark the Danish FDI in India were US$ 758 Million in 2015, US$ 854 in 2014, US$731 million in 2013, US$931 million in 2012 and US$877 million in 2011 respectively. Major Danish investments in India have been made in sectors such as manufacturing, trade and transport, financial and business services. The Indian investment in Denmark were US$ 30 Million in 2015 ,US$71 million in 2014 , US$89 million in 2013, US$103 million in 2012 and US$112 million in 2011 respectively.

Important streets and public places named after Indian leaders: Gandhi Plaene (Gandhi Park), located at the junction of Borups Alle and Hvidkildevej in Copenhagen. Has a bronze statue of Mahatma Gandhi in sitting posture. City of Aarhus has a Nehru Road near Aarhus University.

Visa requirements for officials: Holders of diplomatic and official passports do not require visa to enter Denmark. Others require a visa. Visa may be required to transit through other EU countries while travelling to Denmark. The details and types of visas issued to tourists, businessmen and students are available on the Danish Embassy's website.

Air links with India: Air India has announced a direct flight between New Delhi to Copenhagen and vice versa commencing from 16th September 2017 three days a week. Finnair operates direct flight to India via Helsinki. Convenient links to get an Air India flight to India are from London, Paris and Frankfurt. Other connections are via Vienna, Moscow and Istanbul.

Estimated NRI/PIO: The size of the Indian community in Denmark, inclusive of both NRIs and PIOs, is 11,627 (as on 13.02.2017).

Danish Embassy in India: www.ambnewdelhi.um.dk

Embassy of India in Denmark: www.indian-embassy.dk



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